Schlern-Rosengarten / Sciliar-Catinaccio Nature Park

Research and data gathering

Research and data gathering
Mountain apollo

Nature parks are sizeable areas comprising a combination of untouched and man-made landscapes that are rich in flora, fauna and habitats. As these areas also contain unusual geological elements and an extremely broad range of topological features, they are often studied by scientists.

The insights gained from such research and the data gathered for them is crucial when it comes to ensuring sustainable use of nature parks over the long term.

Schlern / Sciliar Nature Park habitats

Schlern / Sciliar Nature Park habitats
Pine forest with heather in blossom

A project titled Habitat Schlern (Schlern nature park habitats) was conducted with the goal of determining the number of plant and animal species in the park, which for purposes of the study was divided into 16 habitats. Scientists then conducted a two year investigation of these habitats. More than 5,000 species (in a total of 22 flora and fauna groups) were identified in the park, which means that around 20 percent of the animal species that have been identified in South Tyrol also inhabit Schlern-Rosengarten / Sciliar-Catinaccio nature park. The study also showed that the park’s larch meadows and the burnt areas above Tiers / Tires are among the park’s most biodiverse areas.

Nature park Schlern-Rosengarten / Sciliar-Catinaccio is an ideal “laboratory” for extensive habitat studies thanks to its biodiversity and its unusual mountain flora. The fact that such studies were already being conducted during the last century allows scientists to compare the current findings concerning the park’s animal biodiversity with findings and descriptions from recent decades.
These research findings were published in various places in the fall 2008 issue of the journal Gredleriana, which is published by the Museum of Nature South Tyrol (external link) and in a pamphlet titled "Bio Diversity at the Schlern" (external link) (in the “Infoheft” series titled Unter der Lupe). The findings are also available in the database of the provincial office for nature parks, as well as in the museum’s database.

Info about flora and fauna
Flora/fauna groupNumber of species identified
Flower plants; ferns 800
Moss 250
Lichen 270
Mushrooms 834
Bees 224
Ants 52
Ground beetles 125
Rove beetles 233
Moss mites 230
Spiders 350
Dragonflies 19
Butterflies 1030
Scuttle flies 109
Grasshoppers 36
Cicadas 78
Snails 82
Amphibians 6
Reptiles 12
Birds 102
Bats 10
Fish 10
Aquatic fauna 232