Research and data gathering
Nature parks are sizeable areas comprising a combination of untouched and man-made landscapes that are rich in flora, fauna and habitats. As these areas also contain unusual geological elements and an extremely broad range of topological features, they are often studied by scientists.
The insights gained from such research and the data gathered for them is crucial when it comes to ensuring sustainable use of nature parks over the long term.
Schlern / Sciliar Nature Park habitats
A project titled Habitat Schlern (Schlern nature park habitats) was conducted with the goal of determining the number of plant and animal species in the park, which for purposes of the study was divided into 16 habitats. Scientists then conducted a two year investigation of these habitats. More than 5,000 species (in a total of 22 flora and fauna groups) were identified in the park, which means that around 20 percent of the animal species that have been identified in South Tyrol also inhabit Schlern-Rosengarten / Sciliar-Catinaccio nature park. The study also showed that the park’s larch meadows and the burnt areas above Tiers / Tires are among the park’s most biodiverse areas.
Nature park Schlern-Rosengarten / Sciliar-Catinaccio is an ideal “laboratory” for extensive habitat studies thanks to its biodiversity and its unusual mountain flora. The fact that such studies were already being conducted during the last century allows scientists to compare the current findings concerning the park’s animal biodiversity with findings and descriptions from recent decades.
These research findings were published in various places in the fall 2008 issue of the journal Gredleriana, which is published by the Museum of Nature South Tyrol (external link) and in a pamphlet titled "Bio Diversity at the Schlern" (external link) (in the “Infoheft” series titled Unter der Lupe). The findings are also available in the database of the provincial office for nature parks, as well as in the museum’s database.
|Flora/fauna group||Number of species identified|
|Flower plants; ferns||800|